As used in, among other places, Taiwan.
One side there is in the same position as if something holed up on the Isle of Wight at the end of a British Civil War were claiming to be the Government of Britain.
The other is in the same position as if something holed up on the Isle of Wight at the end of a British Civil War were claiming that the Isle of Wight were a country.
Moreover, the former does not claim jurisdiction only over China as she now exists.
Rejecting the authority of the present Chinese Government to resolve territorial disputes, it lays claim to most of Mongolia, as well as to parts of Russia, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and Burma.
The self-styled Republic of China has had extremely few Western partisans since Nixon and the UN faced up to reality.
But it had friends among the Crazies around Bush the Younger, and it would have had them in and around any Administration headed by Hillary Clinton.
Wasn't Donald Trump supposed to have been better than this?
Bernie Sanders really would have been.